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Alopecia Areata

July 27, 2012 275 No of hits
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Alopecia Areata

Alopecia Areata is an autoimmune disease, which results in patchy hair loss on the scalp. The patches can have exclamation point-looking areas of hair along the ends. Though not with everyone who has Alopecia Areata, hair loss can lead to total baldness on the scalp (alopecia totalis) and full body baldness as well, known as alopecia universalis.

Dermatologists note that, depending on the person with Alopecia Areata, if the hair loss is not too significant, it is only temporary. Hair will regrow.

If hair loss is significant, several treatments may help regrow hair, such as:

1. Steroid injections to the skin

2. Topical corticosteroids

3. Topical immunotherapy

4. Topical Minoxidil

5. Ultraviolet light therapy

The cause of Alopecia Areata is not known, as of yet. Nearly a fifth of those with Alopecia Areata had a family history of alopecia, or baldness. Alopecia Areata affects men, women, and children. Two percent of the world's population approximately has Alopecia Areata, and 5 million individuals have the condition in the United States alone.

A highly unpredictable and often cyclical autoimmune disease, Alopecia Areata is believed to be the result of an inherited or genetic abnormality. The body attacks its own hair follicles. Skin biopsies have shown lymphocytes attacking the hair bulbs of follicles. Though temporary for most patients with Alopecia Areata, the hair loss can become permanent and all over (alopecia universalis).

Only dermatologists and medical professionals can truly diagnose this rare autoimmune disease, Alopecia Areata. In certain diagnostic findings, "disfigured" or "fractured" hair and yellow areas of skin deposition at the follicular orifice are signs of Alopecia Areata. Again, it is best to consult a medical professional about any concerns.

Alopecia Areata can be psychologically devastating, as with any unwanted hair loss. Cosmetic options are on the market, such as wigs and hair pieces.

Tags:   Alopecia Areata   Follicles   Autoimmune disease   Hair loss   Baldness   Scalp  

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Alopecia Areata is an autoimmune disease, which results in patchy hair loss on the scalp. The patches can have exclamation point-looking areas of hair along the ends. Though not with everyone who has Alopecia Areata, hair loss can lead to total baldness on the scalp (alopecia totalis) and full body...

By: Richard Martine Created 74 months ago

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