Home » Articles » Pregnancy » Birth Defects » Anencephaly

Anencephaly

February 14, 2012 2235 No of hits
0
Anencephaly

Anencephaly is a fatal birth defect that occurs when the infant's brain and skull do not fully form during pregnancy. Statistically speaking it is fairly common, occurring in one out of approximately every one thousand births. For reasons unknown, Hispanics have a higher incidence of anencephaly than other ethnic groups.

During the first month of pregnancy the neural tube forms the baby's brain and skull from the upper section and the baby's spinal cord and vertebrae from the lower section. If the upper section of the neural tube fails to close the brain forms without the forebrain and the cerebrum. The forebrain controls voluntary movements and the cerebrum controls thinking and coordination. The brain matter that does grow may not be covered with skin or bone. Some babies born with anencephaly also have facial deformities and heart defects. Most die within hours after birth; some may survive a few days but the birth defect is 100% fatal.

The reason anencephaly occurs is unknown but in recent decades a strong connection has been made between folic acid intake and neural tube birth defects. The demand for folic acid in the developing child is highest in the first month during which time the brain and spine form and the neural tube closes. Women who do not know they are pregnant are not aware of the consequences of inadequate folic acid in their bodies. Women who are planning a pregnancy should begin taking folic acid supplements at least one month prior to conception. Since many pregnancies are unplanned, women of childbearing age should take folic acid supplements as a precautionary measure. Folic acid must be taken in supplement form; even the healthiest of diets does not provide adequate amounts to prevent neural tube defects. Anencephaly is usually detected during prenatal ultrasounds so most parents are aware that their child will be born with the condition if they choose to carry the child to term.

Tags:   Anencephaly   Neural tube   Brain   Skull   Forebrain   Cerebrum   Folic acid   Pregnancy  

Group

Anencephaly

Photo

Ni_271_192 Be the first to add photo

Discussion topics

Start new topic
1_s_ab45ca8ce8fb1beb
0 Comments

Anencephaly is a fatal birth defect that occurs when the infant's brain and skull do not fully form during pregnancy. Statistically speaking it is fairly common, occurring in one out of approximately every one thousand births. For reasons unknown, Hispanics have a higher incidence of anencephaly...

By: Richard Martine Created 24 months ago

Add New Comment

You've decided to leave a comment. That's fantastic! Let's have a personal and meaningful conversation. Thanks for dropping by!

Groups

Related Groups

  • Anencephaly
    3425_s_9d7bebecc6303fc6
    Anencephaly

    Anencephaly is a fatal birth defect that occurs when the infant's brain and skull do not...

    Read More »
  • Encephalocele
    3454_s_8cfdecacf71594cc
    Encephalocele

    During the first month of pregnancy a baby's brain and skull are formed from the upper...

    Read More »
  • Concussion
    3634_s_83ac47c5590ec2a3
    Concussion

    A concussion occurs when a violent blow to the head causes the brain to strike the inside...

    Read More »

Topic

Related Group Topics

  • Anencephaly
    Anencephaly
    By : Richard

    Anencephaly is a fatal birth defect that occurs when the infant's brain and skull do not fully form during pregnancy. Statistically speaking it is fairly common, occurring in one...

    Read More »
  • Encephalocele
    Encephalocele
    By : Richard

    During the first month of pregnancy a baby's brain and skull are formed from the upper section of a structure called the neural tube. The spinal cord and vertebrae are formed from...

    Read More »
  • Concussion
    Concussion
    By : Richard

    A concussion occurs when a violent blow to the head causes the brain to strike the inside of the skull. Though it is considered a traumatic brain injury, the structure of the...

    Read More »

Album

No photo album for this group

Photo

No Photos availabe for this.

Most Rated

Most Commented

  • Religion
    Religion
    Religion

    Merriam Webster defines religion as "service and worship of God or the supernatural" or...

    Read More »
  • Bruckner, Anton
    Bruckner, Anton
    Bruckner, Anton

    Joseph Anton Bruckner (1824-1896) was an Austrian composer whose classical career began later...

    Read More »
  • Skeletal System
    Skeletal System
    Skeletal System

    The skeletal system provides support to your body, protects your internal organs and works...

    Read More »

Most Viewed

  • Healthcare Industry
    Healthcare Industry
    Healthcare Industry

    In 1995, total health care spending in the U.S. was just over $1 trillion. Fast forward to...

    Read More »
  • Dance
    Dance
    Dance

    Dance is a part of almost every society and culture in the world, and is believed to have been...

    Read More »
  • Business
    Business
    Business

    Business is an intrinsic part of capitalistic society, and indeed drives the way we work and...

    Read More »