Ho Chi Minh

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Ho Chi Minh

Ho Chi Minh was a revolutionary leader and politician that helped create the Democratic Republic of Vietnam. He was born Nguyen Sinh Cung in the village of Hoang Tru, Vietnam, on May 19, 1890.

In 1940 he began going by the name Ho Chi Minh, which meant "bringer of light." After spending a couple decades abroad he returned to Vietnam in 1941 to lead the independence movement headed up by the Viet Minh.

In 1943 he was jailed in China. Upon getting released he returned to Vietnam for the August Revolution in 1945. Minh, who was made the head of the new provisional government after the emperor stepped down, kept trying to get help from the United States, but was not successful.

Minh proclaimed the country free on September 2, 1945, but within a month there was an army of 200,000 Chinese Nationalist marching on Hanoi. He eventually had no other choice, but to sign an agreement that made Vietnam an independent state of the French Indochinese Federation. As soon as the Chinese left, the fighting began anew with the French.

Independence for Vietnam from France was finally attained after the Viet MInh forces defeated the French at the Battle of Dien Bien Phu in 1954. Once the 1954 Geneva Accords were signed, Minh moved the Democratic Republic of Vietnam to North Vietnam; the French would regroup in South Vietnam.

In 1959 the Ho Chi Minh Trail was established to help shuttle supplies to the Viet Cong (Viet Minh forces still in South Vietnam). That year Ho Chi Minh was replaced as the head of the party making him more of a figurehead; he had already been replaced as the prime minister in 1955, a position he had held since 1945.

He still tried to negotiate a peace with South Vietnam in 1963, but the U.S. was against the idea and had the South Vietnamese president replaced. In an effort to surprise the U.S. backed South Vietnamese forces he approved what would be known as the Tet Offensive by the Viet Cong.

Ho Chi Minh passed away on September 2, 1969. He was 79.

Tags:   Ho Chi Minh   Nguyen Sinh Cung   Battle of Dien Bien Phu   Bringer of light   Viet Minh   Geneva Accords   Viet Cong  

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Ho Chi Minh was a revolutionary leader and politician that helped create the Democratic Republic of Vietnam. He was born Nguyen Sinh Cung in the village of Hoang Tru, Vietnam, on May 19, 1890.

In 1940 he began going by the name Ho Chi Minh, which meant "bringer of light." After...

By: Richard Martine Created 75 months ago

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