The implantable rod birth control, also called Implanon, is a small flexible rod that is placed under the skin in the upper arm. The rod is a hormone birth control and slowly releases doses of progestin. This dose of progestin thickens the endometrial lining and cervical mucus and suppresses ovulation.
The insertion of Implanon is done by a doctor. They will determine the proper timing to do the insertion. The whole procedure should only take about 15 minutes. The doctor will have the patient lie on their back with their arm bent over their head. A local anesthetic will be used to numb the arm. The doctor will find where to properly place the Implanon which will be between the bicep and triceps muscle. After insertion, the doctor will feel the device and have the patient feel the device. A clean bandage will need to be kept over the implantable rod for 3 to 5 days. The implantable rod will be good for 3 years. At the end of the three years it must be removed. They doctor will numb the arm again with a local anesthetic. They will then make a small incision in the arm and push the end of the rod through the incision. When the rod can be seen, it will be fully removed with forceps. A new Implanon can be immediately put in.
The Implanon has an effectiveness of 99%. The advantages include; longevity and fertility resumes quickly. The disadvantages include; difficult removal, potential scarring, can be seen and felt, and has some risks. The risks associated with Implanon are; acne, weight gain, dizziness, decreased sex drive, hair loss, viral infections, increased risk of blood clots and ovarian cysts, mood swings, back and abdominal pain, nausea, and sore breasts.