Leon Trotsky

February 14, 2012 300 No of hits
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Leon Trotsky

Leon Trotsky was a Russian political theorist and revolutionary leader during the early part of the 20^th century.

He was born Lev Davidovich Bronshtein on November 7, 1879, near the Yelizavetgrad, Kherson Governorate, Russian Empire. He was the fifth of eight children to well-to-do Jewish parents.

At first he was not a fan of Marxism, but gradually became a believer after studying it while exiled and/or imprisoned. Initially, when the Russian Social Democratic Labor Party fractured into the Mensheviks and the Bolsheviks Trotsky sided with the Mensheviks. In time he began to see that a larger party was not necessarily better, and he became a Bolshevik in September 1904.

It was around this time leading up to the October Revolution in 1917 that he began to develop his own theory of permanent revolution. In it, he believed that the social classes should always strive for their respective goals without compromise and independently, regardless of whatever concessions the government may offer or opposition that may arise.

He returned to Russia in 1917 after hearing about the February Revolution overthrowing Tsar Nicholas II. Trotsky was elected to the first All-Russian Central Executive Committee in June of that year. Later in October he was elected Chairman.

Following the Bolshevik take over in the October Revolution, Trotsky served as the People's Commissar for Foreign Affairs and was the founder and first commander of the Red Army. He was also one of the first members of the Politburo.

During the 1920s he began to lose power as Joseph Stalin began to rise. Eventually Stalin had Trotsky removed from his position, expelled from the Communist Party, and deported from the Soviet Union.

On August 20, 1940, he was attacked by a NKVD assassin, Ramon Mercader, with an ice axe. The blow failed to kill him that night, but he did die a day later on August 21 due to blood loss and shock. He was 60 years old.

Tags:   Leon Trotsky   Marxism   Lev Davidovich Bronshtein   Bolsheviks   Mensheviks   Ramon Mercader  

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Leon Trotsky was a Russian political theorist and revolutionary leader during the early part of the 20^th century.

He was born Lev Davidovich Bronshtein on November 7, 1879, near the Yelizavetgrad, Kherson Governorate, Russian Empire. He was the fifth of eight children to...

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