Home » Articles » Health » Body Parts » The Human Spine » Spine Surgery » Lower Back (Lumbosacral)

Lower Back (Lumbosacral)

February 14, 2012 349 No of hits
0
Lower Back (Lumbosacral)

The lumbosacral region of the spine is a small area that encompasses the last vertebrae of the lumbar spine and the first vertebrae of the sacrum. In simpler terms, it lies from the small of the back to the area between the hips. Surgery is not commonly performed on this part of the back but may be the only option if pain is the result of a herniated disc or spinal stenosis, a narrowing of the spinal canal that presses on the spinal cord and surrounding nerves.

The two most common surgeries performed on the lumbosacral region are discectomies and laminectomies. A discectomy is performed by removing the herniated disc or discs from between the vertebrae of the spine. A laminectomy involves removing the back portion of the vertebrae to enlarge the spinal canal and allow the spinal cord more room to float.

There are also some less common surgeries that deal with lower back pain directly at the nerve. A rhizotomy severs the nerve root at the point where it enters the spinal cord to prevent pain sensations from affected areas of the body. Cordotomy severs nerve fibers on either side of the spinal cord to prevent them from sending pain signals to the brain. Dorsal root entry zone operation (DREZ) surgically destroys spinal neurons that transmit pain.

Compression fractures to the lower back are treated with vertebroplasty or kyphoplasty. Kyphoplasty uses a balloon to inflate the compressed vertebrae and inject it with cement. Vertebroplasty is similar to kyphoplasty but omits the use of the balloon and injects the cement directly into the compressed vertebrae.

Physical therapy after any type of lower back surgery is imperative. If a patient is unwilling to commit to this phase of recovery, he is not a good candidate for surgery. The lower back requires regular exercise to regain its strength and flexibility.

Tags:   Lower Back (Lumbosacral)   Spine   Vertebrae   Lumbosacral   Disc   Nerve   Lower back   Kyphoplasty   Vertebroplasty  

Group

Lower Back (Lumbosacral)

Photo

Ni_271_192 Be the first to add photo

Discussion topics

Start new topic
1_s_ab45ca8ce8fb1beb
0 Comments

The lumbosacral region of the spine is a small area that encompasses the last vertebrae of the lumbar spine and the first vertebrae of the sacrum. In simpler terms, it lies from the small of the back to the area between the hips. Surgery is not commonly performed on this part of the back but may be...

By: Richard Martine Created 76 months ago

Add New Comment

You've decided to leave a comment. That's fantastic! Let's have a personal and meaningful conversation. Thanks for dropping by!

Groups

Related Groups

  • Lower Back (Lumbosacral)
    1850_s_b66a0777a33d3cd1
    Lower Back (Lumbosacral)

    The lumbosacral region of the spine is a small area that encompasses the last vertebrae...

    Read More »
  • Thoracic
    1843_s_e8bed1164551068b
    Thoracic

    The thoracic spine consists of 12 vertabrae that lie between the cervical (neck) spine...

    Read More »
  • Lumbar
    1470_s_6b13cf1cc2d73485
    Lumbar

    The most common source of back pain, and therefore arguably the most notorious part of...

    Read More »

Topic

Related Group Topics

  • Lower Back (Lumbosacral)
    Lower Back (Lumbosacral)
    By : Richard

    The lumbosacral region of the spine is a small area that encompasses the last vertebrae of the lumbar spine and the first vertebrae of the sacrum. In simpler terms, it lies from...

    Read More »
  • Thoracic
    Thoracic
    By : Richard

    The thoracic spine consists of 12 vertabrae that lie between the cervical (neck) spine and the lumbar (lower) spine. In layman's terms it is simply referred to as the middle back....

    Read More »
  • Lumbar
    Lumbar
    By : Richard

    The most common source of back pain, and therefore arguably the most notorious part of the spine is called the lumbar spine. No need to be a chiropractor to be able to locate the...

    Read More »

Album

No photo album for this group

Photo

No Photos availabe for this.

Most Rated

Most Commented

Most Viewed

  • Healthcare Industry
    Healthcare Industry
    Healthcare Industry

    In 1995, total health care spending in the U.S. was just over $1 trillion. Fast forward to...

    Read More »
  • Dance
    Dance
    Dance

    Dance is a part of almost every society and culture in the world, and is believed to have been...

    Read More »
  • Email etiquette
    Email etiquette
    Email etiquette

    E-mail has revolutionized communication in our businesses and personal lives. But there is a ...

    Read More »