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Mythology and Folklore

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Mythology and Folklore

Mythology is a collection of myths, or sacred narratives, which cultures developed to explain how the world and how humankind came to exist and to explain how they are in their present form. Because myths are by definition sacred, and were considered true by the cultures who developed and related them, they often revolve around gods, supernatural beings, and heroic humans. Myth is closely linked to religion in ancient cultures, and sometimes the humans in the myths become gods or take on godlike qualities, as in the case of Amenhotep from Egyptian mythology.

While legend and folklore are closely related to myth, folklore and myth are not synonymous. Folktales are usually grouped into a different category from myth. The chief difference is that folktales, which are the stuff of folklore, are not considered true or sacred. Often myths are later reinterpreted as folktales, wherein the gods of myth become the fairies or ogres of folklore.

Greek mythology and Roman mythology are perhaps the best known of mythologies, and are extremely detailed and colorful. Roman mythology adapted many of the stories from Greek mythology, but changed the names of the deities (for example, Poseidon became Neptune, Aires became Mars). The lasting influences of Roman mythology and Norse mythology are evident in many modern words, such as the names of the planets and the names of the days of the week (Wednesday from Odin, Thursday from Thor--two of the gods of Norse mythology). Norse mythology also gives a detailed account of the gods and their doings, recounting the adventures of Odin, Loki the mischief maker, and including such elements as Ragnarok, the Norse mythological end of times.

Joseph Campbell, one of the foremost scholars on mythology, describes myths as having four basic functions. There are the Mystical Function, which serves to inspire awe in creation, the Cosmological Function, which explains why the universe is the way it is, the Sociological Function, which reiterates the value of social traditions, and the Pedagogical Function, which teaches humans how to live.

Folklore includes music, oral history, stories, popular beliefs and fairy tales and embodies the traditions of a culture. The study of folklore includes examining artifacts of folklore, the oral tradition of the stories told, and rituals and behaviors within the culture. Folklore serves to pass on knowledge and traditions of a culture, as well as to entertain and reinforce social values.

Tags:   Mythology and Folklore   Mythology   Folklore   Folktales   Greek Mythology   Roman Mythology  

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Mythology is a collection of myths, or sacred narratives, which cultures developed to explain how the world and how humankind came to exist and to explain how they are in their present form. Because myths are by definition sacred, and were considered true by the cultures who developed and related...

By: Richard Martine Created 73 months ago

Showing 13 Comments

  • Andrielly
    November 18, 2012
    0

    Good morning! Thank u for stinoppg by my blog :) I love to meet new ppl ESPECIALLY fellow Peruvians! Well, I am not a true Peruvian but an "adopted" one. My husband (boyfriend of 7 years) was born & raised in Lima, Dad was 100% Peruvian, Mom is like me-Irish,German,Polish,etc.etc. Luis/Mike looks like his Mom & Brian his brother looks like the real Peruvian..Luis(Mike) is the "Undercover Peruvian" lolz. The family goes to Lima at least 1x a year. I JUST had Lomo Saltado last night. I CANT WAIT to go to Peru. I have ALWAYS wanted to go there looong b4 I met Luis/Mike & long b4 it became a tourist destination. I want to do the typical tourist thing & do a volunteer stint up in the mountains. Brian was JUST in Brasilia too! Small world. Kinda cool. How is Switzerland? My Father loved it, he was there during the War (he had me very late in life).Sorry to blabber on your page like this * embarrassed* I was excited to learn of your cool background. Have gr8 Friday, I am off to work but had to post this b4 I forgot.

    1
  • Nathan
    December 01, 2015
    0

    No problem, old chap. I was cniniderosg getting off my bum and trying to actually organise something to help them here in London. Even if we can get 100 people to donate $3 each that triples their annual donations. If we could get the same amount of people to donate $10 it would probably be a great help.Imagine what we could do if we could get them to donate a310 instead of $10. I know it wouldn't solve the problem, as they need enough money every year to buy a luxury car, but it would be something. I just need to (a) actually talk to the person running this, and (b) decide if there's anything I can realistically think of to get them to donate this fabled $3.I might ask Marcus if I could do an interview with the chap for Tarosophy, although it would be pretty tangential.(Yup, I don't give a damn for maimed animals or starving children, but endanger my precious esoteric book resources and watch me go )

    2
  • Nathan
    December 01, 2015
    0

    No problem, old chap. I was cniniderosg getting off my bum and trying to actually organise something to help them here in London. Even if we can get 100 people to donate $3 each that triples their annual donations. If we could get the same amount of people to donate $10 it would probably be a great help.Imagine what we could do if we could get them to donate a310 instead of $10. I know it wouldn't solve the problem, as they need enough money every year to buy a luxury car, but it would be something. I just need to (a) actually talk to the person running this, and (b) decide if there's anything I can realistically think of to get them to donate this fabled $3.I might ask Marcus if I could do an interview with the chap for Tarosophy, although it would be pretty tangential.(Yup, I don't give a damn for maimed animals or starving children, but endanger my precious esoteric book resources and watch me go )

    3
  • Nathan
    December 01, 2015
    0

    No problem, old chap. I was cniniderosg getting off my bum and trying to actually organise something to help them here in London. Even if we can get 100 people to donate $3 each that triples their annual donations. If we could get the same amount of people to donate $10 it would probably be a great help.Imagine what we could do if we could get them to donate a310 instead of $10. I know it wouldn't solve the problem, as they need enough money every year to buy a luxury car, but it would be something. I just need to (a) actually talk to the person running this, and (b) decide if there's anything I can realistically think of to get them to donate this fabled $3.I might ask Marcus if I could do an interview with the chap for Tarosophy, although it would be pretty tangential.(Yup, I don't give a damn for maimed animals or starving children, but endanger my precious esoteric book resources and watch me go )

    4
  • Ali
    December 02, 2015
    0

    These are more than just courses on myghlooty, we learn about their cultural and social contexts and make all manner of interesting connections. The discussions are wide-ranging and stimulating participation is actively encouraged.

    5
  • Ali
    December 02, 2015
    0

    These are more than just courses on myghlooty, we learn about their cultural and social contexts and make all manner of interesting connections. The discussions are wide-ranging and stimulating participation is actively encouraged.

    6
  • Ali
    December 02, 2015
    0

    These are more than just courses on myghlooty, we learn about their cultural and social contexts and make all manner of interesting connections. The discussions are wide-ranging and stimulating participation is actively encouraged.

    7
  • Isaac
    December 04, 2015
    0

    yay yay yay! @michelle i adore your thumbs up for love piutcre! @sp we are so, so happy! thank you:)@lisatheisa thank you, thank you, thank you! thumbs up! http://aequogssxo.com [url=http://iwgcuny.com]iwgcuny[/url] [link=http://klimvlivweg.com]klimvlivweg[/link]

    8
  • Isaac
    December 04, 2015
    0

    yay yay yay! @michelle i adore your thumbs up for love piutcre! @sp we are so, so happy! thank you:)@lisatheisa thank you, thank you, thank you! thumbs up! http://aequogssxo.com [url=http://iwgcuny.com]iwgcuny[/url] [link=http://klimvlivweg.com]klimvlivweg[/link]

    9
  • Isaac
    December 04, 2015
    0

    yay yay yay! @michelle i adore your thumbs up for love piutcre! @sp we are so, so happy! thank you:)@lisatheisa thank you, thank you, thank you! thumbs up! http://aequogssxo.com [url=http://iwgcuny.com]iwgcuny[/url] [link=http://klimvlivweg.com]klimvlivweg[/link]

    10
  • Lucian
    December 04, 2015
    0

    This is a good first entry.a0 I like how you asked a question at the end.a0 It might be good to add in more detial, though.a0 You can go back and edit your entry.a0 I'd like for you to reflect on your game, what went well, what didn't?

    11
  • Lucian
    December 04, 2015
    0

    This is a good first entry.a0 I like how you asked a question at the end.a0 It might be good to add in more detial, though.a0 You can go back and edit your entry.a0 I'd like for you to reflect on your game, what went well, what didn't?

    12
  • Lucian
    December 04, 2015
    0

    This is a good first entry.a0 I like how you asked a question at the end.a0 It might be good to add in more detial, though.a0 You can go back and edit your entry.a0 I'd like for you to reflect on your game, what went well, what didn't?

    13

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