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Neck (Cervical)

February 14, 2012 429 No of hits
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Neck (Cervical)

The neck consists of the top seven vertebrae of the spine and is referred to as the cervical spine. Neck pain can have any number of causes: spinal curvature, nerve compression, fractures, herniated discs and osteoarthritis are a few. The goal of neck surgery is to correct these abnormalities and relieve the pain to the extent possible, enabling the patient to return to a normal activity level. Neck surgery can be performed from the front (anterior) or the back (posterior) of the cervical spine, though most surgeons prefer an anterior approach because it is less disruptive to the muscles and easier to keep the spine in alignment.

As people age the discs of the spine deteriorate. The discs become less flexible and herniate, putting pressure on the surrounding nerves. This causes pain in the neck along with tingling and numbness that often radiates down the arm. Cervical disc herniation usually occurs in the lower four vertebrae of the neck. Surgery to correct a herniated disc involves removing the disc and then fusing the vertebrae to stabilize the spine and promote healing without deformity. This procedure has a high success rate with few post-surgical complications.

Cervical stenosis is a condition in which the nerves of the spinal cord are compressed due to a narrowing of the spinal canal. The surgical procedure used to treat it is a decompressive laminectomy. This involves the removal of the laminae, or top of the vertebrae, creating more space for the nerves. If the cervical stenosis is complicated by bone spurs or occurs at multiple levels of the neck, the surgeon will perform a more extensive procedure called cervical corpectomy. This removes the affected vertebrae along with the ligaments and discs at each end of the vertebrae. This procedure is considerably more complicated than a laminectomy and has a greater chance of post-operative complications.

Tags:   Neck (Cervical)   Neck   Cervical spine   Anterior   Posterior   Herniated disc   Cervical stenosis  

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The neck consists of the top seven vertebrae of the spine and is referred to as the cervical spine. Neck pain can have any number of causes: spinal curvature, nerve compression, fractures, herniated discs and osteoarthritis are a few. The goal of neck surgery is to correct these abnormalities and...

By: Richard Martine Created 74 months ago

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  • Neck (Cervical)
    Neck (Cervical)
    By : Richard

    The neck consists of the top seven vertebrae of the spine and is referred to as the cervical spine. Neck pain can have any number of causes: spinal curvature, nerve compression,...

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    Anterior cervical discectomy is the removal of a spinal disc in the neck through a frontal, or anterior, incision. The neck is made up of seven vertebrae called the cervical...

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    Posterior cervical discectomy is the removal of a spinal disc in the neck through an incision in the back of the neck, a method known as a posterior approach. The neck is made up...

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