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Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

February 14, 2012 810 No of hits
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Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

Obsessive compulsive disorder is an anxiety disorder with two main components: obsessions (or repetitive thoughts and fears) and compulsions (repetitive routines and rituals). The most common obsessive thoughts that people with OCD exhibit are a fixation on dirt or contamination, a need for objects to be symmetrical or perfect, or a fear of having harmed someone. Other obsessions may include the guilty feeling of thinking sinful thoughts, the fear of being embarrassed due to socially inacceptable behavior, or the preoccupation with sexual fantasies.

These obsessions may lead people with OCD to perform compulsions, such as washing hands often enough to cause harm, refusing to leave the room until objects are arranged in a specific way, or constantly checking to see whether a body is lying on the side of the road. People with OCD may find themselves unable to achieve in school, hold down a job, or succeed in social relationships due to the amount of time and emotional energy needed to manage their obsessions and compulsions.

The causes of obsessive compulsive disorder are still under debate, but there seems to be some connection between OCD and abnormally low levels of a neurotransmitter called serotonin. There may also be a genetic link, but researchers have not yet identified the genes that may be responsible for the disorder. Alternatively, OCD can sometimes stem from stimuli within the environment that a person is exposed to for a prolonged period of time.

The most common two treatments for obsessive compulsive disorder are SSRI medication and therapy. SSRIs, or selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, prevent the neurotransmitter serotonin from being reabsorbed by the body, which can increase serotonin levels and thereby decrease obsessions and compulsions. SSRIs are often combined with cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), in which the person with OCD is continually exposed to the trigger that often sets of the cycle of obsessions and compulsions. CBT also examines certain underlying beliefs that the person with OCD might have, in an effort to modify them.

Tags:   Obsessive Compulsive Disorder   OCD   Obsessions   Compulsions  

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Obsessive compulsive disorder is an anxiety disorder with two main components: obsessions (or repetitive thoughts and fears) and compulsions (repetitive routines and rituals). The most common obsessive thoughts that people with OCD exhibit are a fixation on dirt or contamination, a need for objects...

By: Richard Martine Created 76 months ago

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