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Olympics - Modern

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Olympics - Modern

The Modern Olympics find their beginnings well before the Olympics were brought back in 1896. There were several attempts to restore the Olympic Games in the late 1700s in France. The attempts in France occurred from 1796-1998 and brought about the use of the metric system into athletics. Around the world there were several different attempts in several different countries. Attempts in Greece followed the ones in France around 20 years later. Starting with the independence of the country from the Ottoman Empire in 1821, writers and philanthropists started talking about a revival of the games where they had their birthplace. Funded by Evangelis Zappas, Olympics games were hosted in 1859, 1870, 1875 and 1880. These games included athletes from Greece and the Ottoman Empire.

During the mid 1800's several other attempts to bring about an event like the Olympics occurred. One of the most significant ones was the Grand Olympic Festival, held in Liverpool between 1862 and 1859. The Grand Olympics Festival was started by John Hulley, Charles Melly and Dr. William Penny Brooks, and helped bring about some of the key components of the first official modern Olympic games. Brookes, Hulley and E.G. Ravenstein founded the National Olympian Association in Liverpool in 1865, which eventually led to the creation of the British Olympic Association, and helped create the International Olympic Charter. All of the work done by Hulley, Melly, Brooks, and Ravenstein helped kick off the foundation for the national Olympic Games held in Great Britain in 1966.

All of the events combined to help spawn momentum towards the 1896 Olympics--the first official Games of the modern age. One of the prime people involved with getting the official Games going was Baron Pierre de Coubertin. Coubertin decided that after attending a nation version of the Olympic Games that he would found what is now the governing body of the Olympic Games--the International Olympic Committee (IOC). Coubertin worked upon the ideas from Melly, Hulley, Brooks and Ravenstein and pitched the idea of starting an international Olympic Games that would rotate to different locations every four years. Coubertin pitched the ideas during the first meeting of the Olympic Congress--a part of the IOC. It was decided, during this meeting, that the first Olympic Games under the IOC would be held in Athens in 1896.

The 1896 Olympics were hosted in the Panathenaic Stadium and a total of 14 nations competed in 43 events. The 1896 Olympics boasted a total of 241 athletes. The first Modern Olympics was a very successful endeavor, however the later years threatened the continuation of the event. However, after the 1904 Games, the popularity once again increased. Women participated for the first time during the 1904 Olympics, but the Games were not very successful that year, due to so many American athletes. Of the 650 that competed in the St. Louis 1904 Olympics, 580 were American.

The event that saved the Olympics, and helped them rebound from the 1900 and 1904 debacles, was the Intercalated Games held in 2006. Intercalated Games are events that are held in between the four years that the Games are supposed to be held. The International Olympic Committee does not recognize these events, but these particular games involved many international participants and were very popular. No Intercalated Games have been held since 1906.

The Olympic Games broadened in 1948 when the Paralympic Games were started. The Paralympics were started to help rehabilitate soldiers from World War II, and the first of these games was held during the 1948 London Olympics. However, the event did not gain the name Paralympics until the 1960 games. The Paralympics have been a part of every Olympic games since.

Tags:   Olympics - Modern   Olympics Games   Modern Olympic Games   Athens   Paralympics  

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The Modern Olympics find their beginnings well before the Olympics were brought back in 1896. There were several attempts to restore the Olympic Games in the late 1700s in France. The attempts in France occurred from 1796-1998 and brought about the use of the metric system into athletics. Around...

By: Richard Martine Created 76 months ago

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    June 17, 2015
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    June 17, 2015
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