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Paul's Epistle to the Romans

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Paul's Epistle to the Romans

Romans, Paul's Epistle to the Romans, is the sixth book of the Christian Bible's New Testament. It is the first epistle in the New Testament. This epistle, the longest New Testament letter written by Paul of Tarsus, was written around 56-57 CE and addressed to the church in Rome.

The letter starts with Paul's customary greeting which includes an introduction of himself and the faith he professes. Paul also discusses his longing to visit Rome. Paul then delves into his theological discussion. He starts by explaining the source of God's wrath. Though people intuitively knew that God existed simply by looking at all creation, they chose to worship the created things instead of the Creator and engaged in all types of sinful behavior. As a result, God in His anger allowed them to immerse themselves in these sins and did not shield them from the inevitable suffering that comes from a life of sin. Paul then warns the Romans about God's judgment, explaining two main principles. First, that God will judge people according to their actions, including the way they judge others. Second, righteousness is based on the inward person and not on outward characteristics such as being a Jew or being circumcised.

Paul then digs further into the idea of an ideal inward quality. He explains that people are justified by their faith. Using Abraham as an example, Paul shows that God found Abraham righteous long before Abraham was circumcised. That is, as soon as Abraham accepted God's promises in faith, he was deemed righteous. Accordingly, Paul continues, the Jews who don't accept Christ has been cut out of this promise, while Gentiles have been grafted in. Paul warns the Gentiles not to boast, because if they do not continue in the faith, they too will be cut out, just as the Jews were. However, the Jews are not without hope, should they chose to accept Christ, God will graft them back into His kingdom.

In Romans Paul states that people have been released from the bondage the law brings and have entered into a new freedom, the hope that comes from Jesus Christ. The law was unable to save because it required followers to observe every single one. Since this total obedience is not humanly possible, people were unable to attain righteousness through the law. However, when people relinquish the law, and instead cling to their faith in the sacrifice made for them, they are made whole. Though there may be suffering on this earth, God will help all those who have faith in Him to overcome. The reward of people's faith in Christ is eternal glory.

Paul then ends his letter by sending personal greetings to various members of the church in Rome.

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Romans, Paul's Epistle to the Romans, is the sixth book of the Christian Bible's New Testament. It is the first epistle in the New Testament. This epistle, the longest New Testament letter written by Paul of Tarsus, was written around 56-57 CE and addressed to the church in Rome.

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