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Spine Surgery

February 14, 2012 1426 No of hits
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Spine Surgery

Spine surgery is the treatment of last resort after conservative treatments have failed and the patient is suffering debilitating or chronic pain with no relief anticipated. Disorders such as herniated discs, compression fractures, and spinal degeneration diseases can often be treated with bed rest, pain medications, and physical therapy to keep the patient comfortable as the spine heals itself. In situations where the spine is unstable or the patient has paralysis or loss of bladder or bowel function, surgery is performed sooner to stabilize the spine and circumvent future complications.

Spinal cord decompression surgeries are the most common back surgeries performed. Their purpose is to remove an element of the spine to increase the size of the spinal canal and give the spinal cord and nerves more room to float. Discectomy removes all or part of a herniated disc that lies between two vertebrae. Artificial discs are sometimes implanted to replace the disc and provide the cushioning that the spine needs for shock absorption. Laminectomy removes a bone at the back of the spinal column to enlarge the spinal canal and relieve nerve pressure. Foraminectomy enlarges the opening in the spine where nerves leave the spinal cord, also relieving nerve pressure.

Compression fractures are common in individuals with osteoporosis and are treated with kyphoplasty, a procedure that resizes and stabilizes the broken vertebrae by inserting a balloon to reshape the vertebrae and injecting cement to strengthen it. Spinal fusion, either by itself or in conjunction with another procedure, uses bone grafts and instrumentation to stabilize the spine as the bone graft heals and stimulates new bone growth.

Some spine surgeries have become less invasive as surgical technology and instrumentation evolve. The use of endoscopes requires smaller incisions, less muscle and nerve retraction, and shorter healing time. Endoscopic procedures can be performed with local anesthesia and less blood loss and the patient is often discharged the same day.

Tags:   Spine Surgery   Spine   Disc   Vertebrae   Bone graft   Spinal cord  

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Spine surgery is the treatment of last resort after conservative treatments have failed and the patient is suffering debilitating or chronic pain with no relief anticipated. Disorders such as herniated discs, compression fractures, and spinal degeneration diseases can often be treated with bed...

By: Richard Martine Created 74 months ago

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  • Dianne Lundgren
    March 22, 2012
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    very informative

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