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Willian Faulkner

February 14, 2012 214 No of hits
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Willian Faulkner

William Faulkner was an American author who created a number of literary classics during his lifetime. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature "for his powerful and artistically unique contribution to the modern American novel." His novels The Sound and the Fury, As I Lay Dying and Absalom, Absolom have repeatedly appeared on lists of the greatest English language novels of all time, and he is almost equally well known for his short story A Rose for Emily.



William Faulkner was born in 1897 in New Albany, Mississippi. His family soon moved to Oxford, where Faulkner spent much of his life. He dropped out of high school but continued his education informally by reading.



In July of 1918, after a romantic relationship failed, Faulkner joined the British Royal Air Force. He trained in Canada, but the armistice prevented him from every seeing combat. He returned home and drifted from job to job. Some of his poetry was published in newspapers.



In 1924, he published a poetry sequence called The Marble Faun. Two years later his first novel Soldiers' Pay was published followed quickly by Mosquitoes. After this, he wrote a number of short stories, none of which were accepted for publication.



After much editing and reduction, he found a publisher for Sartoris in 1929. The novel was the first to introduce Yoknapatawapha County, the fictional place that would serve as the setting for many of his subsequent works. Also that year, Faulkner published The Sound and the Fury and married Estelle Oldham. She brought with her two children from a previous marriage and they had an addition two together. The next year he published As I Lay Dying.



In 1931 Faulkner's best known short story, A Rose for Emily was published. A year later, Faulkner was hired by Metro-Goldwyn-Meyer to write screenplays. He moved to California, but was uncomfortable there. The work did allow him to support his family while working on novels and short stories. He published Absalom, Absalom in 1936.



Faulkner was awarded two honors in 1939: induction into the National Institute of Arts and Letters; and the O. Henry Memorial Short Story Award. This marked the beginning of a series of honors that would include the 1949 Nobel Prize in Literature.



Faulkner died of a heart attack in 1962. He is buried at St. Peter's Cemetery in Oxford.

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William Faulkner was an American author who created a number of literary classics during his lifetime. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature "for his powerful and artistically unique contribution to the modern American novel." His novels The Sound and the Fury, As I Lay Dying and Absalom,...

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